ယခင္စစ္အစိုးရ ေခါင္းေဆာင္ ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္မႉးႀကီးေဟာင္း သန္းေရႊသည္ ၎၏ေနအိမ္၌ စာဖတ္ျခင္းျဖင့္ ေအးခ်မ္းစြာ ေနထိုင္လ်က္ရွိေၾကာင္း ျပန္ၾကားေရး ၀န္ႀကီး ဦးေက်ာ္ဆန္းက အဂၤါေန႔တြင္ ေျပာလုိက္သည္။
“(ဦးသန္းေရႊက) သူ႔အိမ္မွာပဲ ရွိေနပါတယ္၊ သူ႔အိမ္မွာေနၿပီး စာေတြ အမ်ားႀကီး ဖတ္ေနပါတယ္” ဟု ဦးေက်ာ္ဆန္းက ေျပာဆုိေၾကာင္း Wall Street Journal တြင္ ယေန႔ ေဖာ္ျပထားသည္။
ဦးသန္းေရႊသည္ သူ၏ လူရင္းမ်ား ဦးေဆာင္သည့္ လက္ရွိအရပ္သား အစိုးရအား ေနာက္ကြယ္မွ လမ္းညြန္ေနသည္ဟူေသာ သုံးသပ္ခ်က္မ်ား ထြက္ေပၚ ေနျခင္းႏွင့္ပတ္သက္၍ Wall Street Journal က ေမးျမန္းျခင္းကုိ ထုိသုိ႔ တုံ႔ျပန္လုိက္ျခင္း ျဖစ္သည္။
လြန္ခ့ဲသည့္ ၈ လခန္႔က စစ္အစုိးရမွ အရပ္သားအစုိးရသုိ႔ အေျပာင္းအလဲ ျပဳလုပ္သည့္ကာလတြင္ ဦးသန္းေရႊ အနားယူသြားသည္ဟု ဆုိေသာ္လည္း စစ္၀တ္စုံျဖင့္ ရုိက္ကူးထားသည့္ သူ၏ဓာတ္ပုံမ်ားကုိ မၾကာေသးမီ ကာလကအထိ အစုိးရရုံးမ်ားတြင္ ခ်ိတ္ဆဲြထားဆဲျဖစ္သည္ကုိ ေတြ႔ရသည္။
အစုိးရႏွင့္ ဦးသန္းေရႊ၏ လက္ရိွ ဆက္စပ္မႈအေျခအေနအေၾကာင္း ေမးျမန္းသည့္ ေမးခြန္းကုိ ဦးေက်ာ္ဆန္းက ရွင္းရွင္းလင္းလင္း ေျဖဆုိထားျခင္း မရိွေပ။
Wall Street Journal အေရွ႕ေတာင္အာရွ ဌာနခြဲ အႀကီးအကဲ Mr. Jon Patrick Barta သည္ အဂၤါေန႔က ေနျပည္ေတာ္တြင္ ၀န္ႀကီး ဦးေက်ာ္ဆန္းႏွင့္ ၃ နာရီၾကာ ေတြ႔ဆုံ ေမးျမန္းခ့ဲျခင္း ျဖစ္သည္။
အစိုးရအဖြဲ႔တြင္ ျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲေရး လိုလားသူႏွင့္ သေဘာထား တင္းမာသူ ဟူ၍ အုပ္စု ႏွစ္စု ကြဲျပားမႈ ရိွမရိွဟူေသာ ေမးျမန္းခ်က္ကုိ ဦးေက်ာ္ဆန္းက အျမင္မတူသည့္အေျခအေနမ်ားၾကားမွ တုိင္းျပည္ႏွင့္ လူမ်ဳိး အက်ဳိး အတြက္ အေကာင္းဆုံးျဖစ္မည့္ မူ၀ါဒမ်ားကုိ ညိွႏိႈင္းခ်မွတ္ႏုိင္ျခင္းသည္ပင္လွ်င္ ဒီမုိကေရစီ၏ အႏွစ္သာရ ျဖစ္သည္ဟု ေျပာလုိက္သည္။
ကခ်င္ျပည္နယ္တြင္ ျဖစ္ပြားေနေသာ တိုက္ပြဲမ်ားႏွင့္ပတ္သက္၍လည္း ျမန္မာအစိုးရအဖြဲ႔၏ ေျပာေရးဆိုခြင့္ႏွင့္ သတင္း ထုတ္ျပန္ေရးအဖြဲ႔ ေခါင္းေဆာင္ တာ၀န္ ယူထားသူ ၀န္ႀကီး ဦးေက်ာ္ဆန္းက ရွင္းခ်က္ ထုတ္ထားသည္။
ကခ်င္ လြတ္လပ္ေရး တပ္မေတာ္ (KIA)သည္ တံတားမ်ားဖ်က္ဆီးျခင္း၊ ေဖာက္ခြဲျခင္း၊ အၾကမ္းဖက္လုပ္ရပ္မ်ားကို လုပ္ ေဆာင္ေနေၾကာင္း၊ အစိုးရ စစ္တပ္ အေနျဖင့္ စတင္ တိုက္ခိုက္ျခင္းမရွိေၾကာင္း၊ လက္ရွိျဖစ္ပြားေနေသာ စစ္ပြဲမ်ားမွာလည္း လမ္းေၾကာင္းရွင္းရာ တြင္ ျဖစ္ေပၚ ေနေသာ တိုက္ပြဲမ်ားသာျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း ဦးေက်ာ္ဆန္းက ေျပာသည္။
“KIA ကို တိုက္မယ္ ဆိုရင္ တရက္တည္းနဲ႔ အျပတ္အသတ္ ေခ်မွႈန္းပစ္ႏိုင္ပါတယ္၊ ဒါေပမယ့္ က်ေနာ္တို႔က မတိုက္ခိုက္ပါဘူး” ဟု ဆိုသည္။
ဧရာ၀တီျမစ္ဆုံစီမံကိန္း မၾကာေသးခင္က ဆိုင္းင့ံလုိက္ျခင္းေၾကာင့္ တ႐ုတ္-ျမန္မာ ဆက္ဆံေရး ထိခိုက္မႈ မရွိေၾကာင္း၊ တ႐ုတ္ကုမၸဏီ အမ်ား အျပား ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၌ လုပ္ကိုင္ေနသကဲ့သို႔ တျခားႏိုင္ငံ၊ တျခားလူမ်ဳိးမ်ား လာေရာက္ လုပ္ကိုင္လွ်င္လည္း ယခုကဲ့သုိ႔ ၀ိေရာဓိမ်ဳိး ျဖစ္ေပၚႏိုင္သည္ဟု ၀န္ႀကီးက ဆိုသည္။
“တ႐ုတ္ဆိုၿပီး အခြင့္အေရးေပးတာ မရွိပါဘူး၊ ဘယ္ႏိုင္ငံ၊ ဘယ္လူမ်ဳိးပဲ လာလုပ္လုပ္ တူညီတဲ့ အခြင့္အေရး ေပးမွာပါ” ဟု ၀န္ႀကီးက ျပန္လည္ ေျဖၾကားခ့ဲသည္။
မူရင္း သတင္း ေအာက္မွာ ဆက္ဖတ္ႏိုင္ပါတယ္
NAYPYITAW, Myanmar—Myanmar's government, in the first extended interview with a major Western news organization in years, called for the U.S. to recognize its recent string of reforms and abandon economic sanctions that is says are hurting its ability to open up further.
The interview, conducted by the country's information and culture minister flanked by a phalanx of advisers and officials, comes as U.S. President Barack Obama and Asian leaders head to Indonesia for a summit at which Myanmar is seeking to boost its international reputation after decades of tough military rule.
Myanmar has embarked on an "irreversible" reform process, said the minister, U Kyaw Hsan, speaking for the government. He blamed U.S. sanctions for delaying the country's development and said they made Myanmar more reliant on Chinese companies. "When we are striving for development, we cannot be choosers—we have accepted what is best for the country," he said.
Since November 2010 elections that Western governments decried as a sham, the new government has surprised critics with its changes, which have included freeing dissident and Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi from years of house arrest, as well as easing media reins and pushing to make Myanmar more attractive to foreign investors.
A New Day in Myanmar?More from the interview with U Kyaw Hsan
Myanmar's Political HistoryMyanmar has seen political turbulence since its oppressive military regime gained power in 1962.
U.S. officials—like Ms. Suu Kyi herself—remain hesitant to embrace Myanmar's changes so far as proof of a permanent shift. Skeptics say the government is trying to con Western leaders into easing sanctions without fundamentally changing the country's political system, which is still dominated by current and former soldiers.
Speaking about Myanmar, also known as Burma, in Australia early Thursday, President Obama said, "Some political prisoners have been released. The government has begun a dialogue. Still, violations of human rights persist. So we will continue to speak clearly about the steps that must be taken for the government of Burma to have a better relationship with the United States."
Myanmar, was ruled by a military junta for nearly five decades until last year, and living standards in the country of 55 million are among the lowest in Asia. Myanmar's strategic importance has swelled in recent years, in part because of its vast natural resources and its location between Asia's two biggest growth engines, India and China.
It has become especially close to China and has often been described as a client state, serving as a key new source of energy and other commodities for its larger and more powerful neighbor, with work under way to develop a major pipeline across its land mass to serve Chinese needs.
The reforms that followed last year's elections come just a few years after Myanmar's international standing hit rock bottom, after a series of disasters and debacles—including a brutal 2007 crackdown on monk-led protests and the government's initial refusals to accept some international aid after a devastating cyclone in 2008—that showed the harsher side of the regime.
The three-hour interview took place Tuesday in a meeting hall in the remote government center of Naypyitaw, a gleaming city of often-deserted eight-lane highways and official buildings set amid rice paddies. The city, which replaced Yangon as Myanmar's capital several years ago and has been largely off-limits to most foreign visitors in recent years, has become widely accessible to outsiders recently: At least one Western tourist was seen Tuesday ambling in shorts toward a new hypermarket—also a rare sight in Myanmar.
"It would have been inconceivable only six months ago" for a Western journalist to have an extended interview in Naypyitaw, said Sean Turnell, a Myanmar expert at Macquarie University in Sydney. "They seem to have discovered that having international legitimacy is important to them," he said.
There are still plenty of critics. They note that reports of human-rights violations have continued this year, even after the government set up a new commission to investigate them, especially in areas controlled by ethnic-minority insurgent groups. Mr. Kyaw Hsan said the ethnic insurgents are the ones committing atrocities.Mr. Kyaw Hsan said the decision over whether to release more political prisoners was up to the country's president, Thein Sein. As for sanctions, Mr. Kyaw Hsan said they "are based on one-sided allegations" and are "having adverse effects on the majority of Myanmar people." With the latest changes in Myanmar, "today is the best time and opportunity for the international community to show their cooperation in the Myanmar reform process" and start easing the sanctions, which he said have forced more than 150 companies that once operated in the country to leave.
Much watched for her reaction, Ms. Suu Kyi has welcomed recent reforms but has not yet advocated lifting sanctions.
But even some of the harshest critics concede they see progress—including that the government is now willing to discuss its performance with foreign journalists.
Mr. Kyaw Hsan insisted there were no systematic human-rights abuses, despite repeated assertions by officials from the United Nations and other international groups that they are widespread. Although "there may be some violations of law from time to time" in Myanmar's military, any cases that arise are investigated and punished, he said. Reports of human-rights violations have continued this year, even after the government set up a new commission to investigate them, especially in areas controlled by ethnic-minority insurgent groups.
There's "a culture of abuse within the military, and Kyaw Hsan should know that," said David Mathieson, a Myanmar expert at Human Rights Watch in Thailand. Even so, he said the latest reforms couldn't be summarily dismissed. "The changes are too sweeping."
— Keith Johnson and Celine Fernandez contributed to this article.